Sue Robb of 4Children talks to Julie Laughton and Alison Britton from the Department for Education about the role of childminders in delivering the 30 hours free entitlement.
England's chief medical officer has said that a new national strategy is needed to tackle poor health and lower life expectancy in seaside towns.
Chris Whitty says that coastal towns have been overlooked by successive government and consequently had their ‘ill-health hidden’.
His report argues that coastal towns need their own dedicated health improvement policy because the challenges facing towns such as Blackpool, Skegness and Hastings have more in common with each other than their inland neighbouring towns. The paper calls for cross-government action to address overlapping issues such as bad housing and poor health.
Blackpool is currently the most deprived local authority in England, having the lowest life expectancy for both males and females, the highest rates of hospital admissions for alcohol‑related harm and drug‑related deaths.
The report says that seaside and coastal towns often have older populations with more complex health needs - but at the same time local NHS services can suffer from recruitment problems, leaving gaps in health services where they are needed most.
Heart disease, strokes, mental health problems, diabetes and higher rates of smoking are all more prevalent in seaside populations, the report warns, associated in turn with higher levels of coastal deprivation.
A lot of the problems stem from deep-rooted social problems interwoven with poor health, such as low-paid seasonal jobs, underachievement in education, poor transport and overcrowded ‘houses of multiple occupation’, which might be converted from former guest houses.
Mark Hardy argues that now is the time for a national network of playgrounds to tackle the disparity between deprived communities and more affluent areas